METHYLPHENIDATE belongs to a group of medicines called ‘central nervous system stimulant’ used to improve wakefulness in adult patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (overactive and short attention span) and narcolepsy (excessive and uncontrollable daytime sleepiness). ADHD is a chronic condition that mainly affects the child’s behaviour, in which a child faces difficulty in paying attention or face hyperactivity (moving constantly), and impulsivity (rapid action). Narcolepsy is a medical condition in which a person faces excessive daytime sleepiness and face sleep attacks that make a person fall asleep suddenly in inappropriate situations.
METHYLPHENIDATE contains ‘Methylphenidate’ which is responsible for improving ADHD, and narcolepsy. It works by enhancing the amount of a chemical messenger known as ‘dopamine’ in the brain, which controls our body’s sleep-wake cycle. It reduces the reuptake of dopamine into nerves. Dopamine is a chemical neurotransmitter that is used by nerves for communication purposes.
Take METHYLPHENIDATE as prescribed by your doctor. You are advised to take METHYLPHENIDATE for as long as your doctor has prescribed it for you depending on your medical condition. In some cases, you may experience certain common side effects such as headache, fast heartbeat, diarrhoea, back pain, feeling anxious, nausea, trouble sleeping, feeling nervous, dizziness, stuffy nose, and upset stomach. However, consult with your doctor if the symptoms continue for more than days or become severe, then immediately seek medical attention.
METHYLPHENIDATE is only a part of a treatment program, that involves psychological, educational, and social therapy. The use of METHYLPHENIDATE is not allowed in persons who are allergic to any of its constituent presents in it, so tell your doctor before taking this medicine. This medicine can affect children’s growth and consult with your doctor if your child is not growing at a normal rate. A pregnant woman or thinking to be pregnant or breastfeeding or planning to be pregnant should consult with a doctor before taking this medicine. Tell your doctor if you had heart problems or high blood pressure or depression, low mood, anxiety, psychosis, before taking this medicine. A person should tell their doctor if they have glaucoma, a personal or family history of tics (muscle twitches), severe anxiety, tension, or agitation (stimulant medicine can make these symptoms worse) as this medicine can not be used in these conditions.
Uses of METHYLPHENIDATE
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Narcolepsy
METHYLPHENIDATE belongs to the category of the stimulant indicated to improve wakefulness in persons who feel very sleepy due to Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. It is suggested to children and young persons between 6-18 years of age. METHYLPHENIDATE is prescribed only after trying treatments that do not involve any type of medicine like behavioral therapy and counseling. METHYLPHENIDATE works by increasing the amount of a chemical known as dopamine in the brain by reducing the reabsorption of dopamine into nerves. Dopamine is a chemical neurotransmitter that is used by nerves to send signals for communication purposes. In this way, it helps a person to stay awake during the day, improves attention span, concentration and reduce impulsive behaviour.
Directions for Use
Side Effects of METHYLPHENIDATE
- Uneven heartbeats
- Change in blood pressure
- Back pain
- Feeling anxious
- Trouble sleeping
- Feeling nervous
- Stuffy nose
- Stomach upset
In-Depth Precautions and Warning
A person should tell their doctor if they have glaucoma, a personal or family history of tics (muscle twitches), severe anxiety, tension, or agitation (stimulant medicine can make these symptoms worse) as this medicine can not be used in these conditions. A person should tell their doctor straight away if they are feeling depressed, aggressive towards other people. Tell your doctor if your using Hormonal contraceptives like contraceptive pills as METHYLPHENIDATE can reduce their effectiveness and increase pregnancy chances. A pregnant or breastfeeding woman should not use METHYLPHENIDATE without asking the doctor. This is a habit-forming medicine, so do not change the dose or use it for a longer time without asking the doctor. If METHYLPHENIDATE is using for more than 12 months, your doctor may want to check your height, weight, appetite, heart function, and mental health. Tell your doctor if you are going for an operation as METHYLPHENIDATE can not be used on the same day of operation if an anaesthetic is used. There is the possibility of a sudden rise in blood pressure during operation. This medicine will give a positive result if checked for drug use, including testing in sport.
Drug-Drug interactions: METHYLPHENIDATE can interact with anti-depressant medications (bupropion, fluoxetine, escitalopram, sertraline).
Drug-Food interactions: A person taking METHYLPHENIDATE should avoid taking alcohol that increases this medicine’s actions or side effects.
Drug-Disease interactions: To make sure METHYLPHENIDATE is safe or you, tell your doctor if you have agitation, cardiac disease, glaucoma, hypertension, liver disease, substance abuse, tics, hypertension, seizures disorders, bipolar disorders, psychiatric disorders, psychotic disorders, renal dysfunction, seizure disorders, hematologic toxicity, and GI narrowing.