What is Lorazepam (Ativan)?
Lorazepam belongs to the class of medications called benzodiazepines. It is used for the fast relief of the symptoms of the anxiety. This medication has an action that slows down communication between nerve cells in the brain (ie, the central nervous system).
Some people experience an improvement in their level of anxiety within 30 minutes after taking lorazepam. In injectable solution, lorazepam can be used as initial treatment in the control of successive epileptic seizures (status epilepticus).
Your doctor may have suggested this medicine for a condition not listed in this drug information article. In addition, some forms of this medicine might not be used for all the disorders mentioned in this article. If you have not discussed this with your doctor, or if you are not sure why you are taking this medicine, check it out. Do not stop taking this medicine without first consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medicine to anyone, even someone who has the same symptoms as yours. This medication may be harmful to people for whom it has not been prescribed.
In what forms does Lorazepam (Ativan) occur?
1 mg, 2 mg
How should this medication be used?
Against anxiety: The recommended starting dose of lorazepam for an adult is 2 mg daily. The dose is personalized according to your specific needs and your response to the medication. Your doctor may increase this dose until it reaches 6 mg per day taken in 2 to 4 divided doses.
If the route of administration of your tablets is sublingual, place the tablet under the tongue. The drug will melt in about 20 seconds. You should refrain from swallowing for at least 2 minutes so that the medication can be absorbed into the body.
Seizures: The injectable dose of lorazepam for seizures is based on body weight and given in a hospital setting by a trained health care provider.
There are several factors that can be considered in determining the dose a person needs: weight, health, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose other than those listed here, do not change the way you take the medicine without first consulting it.
It is important to use this medicine as directed by your doctor. If you have taken this medicine regularly, do not stop taking it without first talking to your doctor. A gradual dose reduction is recommended when stopping treatment to avoid withdrawal effects.
If you miss a dose, take the medicine as soon as you notice the omission and resume the treatment as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, do not worry about the missed dose and go back to the usual dosing schedule. Do not use a double dose to compensate for a missed dose. If you are unsure of what to do after you miss a dose, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store the tablets at room temperature, away from light and moisture and out of the reach of children. Injection lorazepam is refrigerated.
This medicine is available under different brand names or in different presentations, or both. A brand of this medicine may not be available in all the presentations listed here. You will find the various presentations under which this particular brand is placed at your disposal in the section: “In what forms does this medicine present itself? ”
In which cases is this medicine not recommended?
Refrain from using lorazepam in the following circumstances:
is allergic to lorazepam, other drugs in the benzodiazepine family, or to any of the ingredients of the medication
acute angle-closure glaucoma;
side effects of Lorazepam (Ativan)?
Many medications can cause side effects. A side effect is an undesirable response to a drug when taken at normal doses. It can be mild or severe, temporary or permanent. The side effects listed below are not felt by everyone who takes this medicine.If side effects worry you, discuss the risks and benefits of this medication with your doctor.
At least 1% of people taking this medicine have reported the following side effects. A lot of these side effects can be taken care of and a few can go away on their own with time.
A minus 1% of this medicine have been reported after the side effects below. A lot of side effects can be taken care of and a few can go away over time.
Consult your doctor if you experience side effects and if they are serious or bothersome. Your pharmacist may be able to give you advice on what to do if these side effects occur:
clumsiness or unsteady gait;
dizziness or lightheadedness
Most of the side effects are not very often, but they have been generating serious problems if you have not consulted them.
Check with your doctor earlier if any of the following side effects occur:
disturbances of thought (of disorientation, irrational convictions, or lost of sense of reality);
behavioral changes (eg, aggression, tantrums)
blurred vision or other impaired vision
changes in appetite
changes in sex drive or sexual ability
dryness of the mouth
a false sense of well-being;
fast, irregular heartbeat
nausea or vomiting
concealed brightening or bruising
an inexperienced excitement, a state of nervousness or irritability;
inexperienced fatigue or weakness;
yellowing of the whites of the eyes or skin.